Published by
Wiley (2020-06-29)
Current material
Paperback / softback
Original language
ChristianityCriticism & exegesis of sacred texts

Six Minor Prophets Through the Centuries

Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi

by Jin H. HanRichard J. Coggins

"The authors have skillfully sampled the entire history of Jewish and Christian interpretation, shaping their compendium into a helpful and fascinating commentary on these six prophets."
Robert J. Owens, General Theological Seminary

"What a marvelous treasure trove! Jin Hee Han and Richard J. Coggins have made these six prophets come alive by providing rich documentation of their interpretation and impact from the ancient translations to contemporary media. This volume is a must for all students of these prophets – scholars, clergy, and lay people alike."
C. L. Seow, Princeton Theological Seminary

Six Minor Prophets Through the Centuries is the work of highly respected biblical scholars, Richard Coggins and Jin H. Han. The volume explores the rich and complex reception history of the last six Minor Prophets in the exegesis, theology, worship, and arts of Judaism and Christianity, with Han focusing on Nahum, Habakkuk, and Zephaniah, and Coggins on Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi.

This title is the only available text that covers these six prophets within a single volume, providing an essential reference for students, scholars, clergy, and general readers.

The Minor Prophets have left a mark disproportionate to their length on the history of biblical reception. Suggestive allusions and references appear throughout ancient, medieval, and modern literature, as well as in sculpture and paintings. Each has a special role to play in the Jewish and Christian traditions. Although the six books examined here are known to Christians as Minor Prophets, this epithet refers only to the length of their accounts, and not to their significance to believers, readers, and artists across the centuries.

Six Minor Prophets Through the Centuries is published within the Wiley Blackwell Bible Commentaries series. Further information about this innovative reception history series is available at


Richard Coggins (1929–2017) was one of the most respected Old Testament scholars based at the Department of Theology, Kings College London. He was a past President of the Society for Old Testament Study and co-author with J. L. Houlden of the ground-breaking Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation (1992). He authored numerous works including Introducing the Old Testament (2001).

Jin H. Han is Professor of Biblical Studies at New York Theological Seminary, New York, where he has taught Old Testament and biblical Hebrew since 1992. He is an ordained minister of the Presbyterian Church (USA). He is the author of Daniel's Spiel: Apocalyptic Literacy in the Book of Daniel (2007). He also serves as Editor-in-Chief of The Living Pulpit, an online journal.


List of Illustrations x

Series Editors’ Preface xii

Preface xiv

Acknowledgments xvi

Abbreviations xx

I Nahum, Habakkuk, and Zephaniah 1
Jin H. Han

Introduction 3

The Three Among the Twelve 3

The Manner of Presentation 5

1 Nahum 6

Nahum in Literature 9

Nahum in the Arts 11

Nahum in Worship 14

Nahum 1: The Avenging God 15

Nahum 2: Destruction of Nineveh 27

Nahum 3: Woe Oracle against the City of Bloodshed 30

2 Habakkuk 36

Habakkuk in Literature 38

Habakkuk in the Arts 42

Habakkuk in Worship 47

Habakkuk 1: The Prophet’s Lament and God’s Reply 50

Habakkuk 2: God’s Counsel of Faith and Woe Oracles 58

Habakkuk 3: The Prophet’s Prayer 73

3 Zephaniah 92

Zephaniah in the Arts 95

Zephaniah and Dies Irae 96

Zephaniah in Worship 99

Zephaniah 1: The Divine Justice and the Day of the Lord 100

Zephaniah 2: Oracles against the Nations 109

Zephaniah 3: The Remnant of Israel and the Joy of the Lord 114

II Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi 127
Richard Coggins

Introduction 129

Linkages 130

4 Haggai 135

Haggai 1 140

Haggai 2 142

5 Zechariah 150

Zechariah 1 152

Zechariah 2 154

Zechariah 3–4 157

Zechariah 5 162

Zechariah 6 164

Zechariah 7 167

Zechariah 8 167

Zechariah 9–14 169

Zechariah 11–13 177

Zechariah 14 183

6 Malachi 186

Malachi 1 188

Malachi 2 193

Malachi 3 195

Malachi 4 198

Glossary 202

Brief Biographies 206

Bibliography 214

Online Sources (Select) 248

Index of Biblical References 251

Index of Names and Subjects 262

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